On April 10, 1912, the Titanic, left England on her maiden voyage to New York City. But it sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg.Of the 2,224 passengers and crew aboard, more than 1,500 died. In the decades since her demise, Titanic has inspired countless books and several notable films while continuing to make headlines.
When the Titanic was hit hard & started sinking , the Titanic’s crew fired off distress flares and hammered out SOS messages on the ship’s wireless. There were three ships which were nearby before it sunk, “The Sampson”, “The Californian” & “The Carpathia”.
Sampson was merely 7 miles away from the Titanic, they saw the white flares signaling danger, but because the crew had been hunting seals illegally and they didn’t want to be caught. So, they turned back and went the opposite direction away from the Titanic.
Californian was just 20 or so miles to the north away from the Titanic, but they were surrounded by ice fields. Hours before the Titanic hitting the icefield, Captain Stanley Lord in the Californian halted his ship for the night because he was caught in the ice field. He had told his wireless operators to alert other ships in the area to the icebergs. The Titanic’s wireless operators told Californian’s operator to “shut up” and they ignored the warning.
Later that night the Californian spotted the flares from the Titanic. Captain Lord was woken – twice – but said the flares were probably “company rockets” – signals between ships from the same line. He took no action. His wireless office had shut down for the night and couldn’t receive the Titanic’s SOS messages. It was only when the office re-opened that morning that the signals were picked up. By the time the Californian reached the scene, the Titanic had sunk and there were just bodies floating in the water.
The Carpathia was more than 50 miles away from the Titanic. They picked up the messages and raced to the rescue through the ice field. Captain Rostron ordered the ship’s heating and hot water cut off in order to make as much steam as possible available for the engines, succeeding in going 3.5 knots faster than the ship’s rated top speed (a speed it would never reach again in its career). At full speed it took the Carpathia four hours to reach Titanic, while Titanic only stayed afloat for two hours and sank before Carpathia arrived, claiming the lives of 1,517 of the “Titanic” passengers and crew. Carpathia arrived at the scene, after working her way through dangerous ice fields, and took on 705 survivors of the disaster from Titanic‘s lifeboats.